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Cases in which the Supreme Court of Florida has granted review. Subject matter is taken from Florida Law Weekly headnotes and may not directly reflect issues for review.
AMERICAN HOME ASSURANCE COMPANY, INC. v. SEBO, 141 So.3d 195, 38 Fla. L. Weekly D1982a (Fla. 2DCA 2013). Supreme Court Case No. SC14-897 (Sebo v. American Home Assurance Company, Inc.). Order dated October 7, 2014. Oral argument set by separate order. Insurance--Homeowners--All risk policy--Coverage--Damage caused by multiple perils--In the case of a first-party insurance policy, where damage is caused by multiple perils, some of which are covered and some of which are excluded, the efficient proximate cause doctrine rather than the concurrent causation doctrine is applicable to determine whether coverage is provided--Where damage to insured home was caused by rain and wind, which were covered perils, and by defective construction, which was an excluded peril, issue of coverage should have been determined under efficient proximate cause doctrine, and finder of fact should have determined which peril was the most substantial or responsible factor in the loss.
ANDERSON v. STATE, 247 So.3d 680, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D1188c (Fla. 1DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-1059 (Anderson v. State). Order dated December 19, 2018. No oral argument. Criminal law--Aggravated assault with deadly weapon--Jury instructions--Lesser included offenses--Reckless driving--Trial court did not err by declining to give requested instruction on reckless driving as lesser-included offense where essential element of reckless driving, that defendant was driving the vehicle, was not alleged in information charging defendant with aggravated assault with deadly weapon--Requirement that elements of lesser offense be "specifically alleged in the information" means it is not enough that element of driving could be inferred from charging document because driving might be the most common manner in which an assault with a motor vehicle occurs--Conflict certified.
BANKS v. JONES, 197 So.3d 1152, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D1584a (Fla. 1DCA 2016). Supreme Court Case No. 16-1478 (Banks v. Jones). Order Dated November 1, 2016. No oral argument. Criminal law--Prisoners--Close management status--Prisoners' challenges to close management housing assignments may not properly be asserted by petition for writ of habeas corpus--Because claims challenging close management classification do not assert entitlement to release from incarceration, but only assert a right to remain in prison's general population, such claims do not implicate a constitutionally protected liberty interest--Prisoner's claim that he has been improperly assigned to close management classification can only be considered by petition for writ of mandamus in circuit court in Leon County, asserting that Department of Corrections has not complied with its own close management procedures--Further review of circuit court orders in cases involving challenges to close management assignment shall be by second-tier certiorari review in district court of appeal--Court recedes from prior decisions to the contrary--Conflict certified.
BLACK v. STATE, 95 So.3d 884, 37 Fla. L. Weekly D593a (Fla. 2DCA 2012). Supreme Court Case No. SC12-1938 (Black v. State). Order dated December 4, 2014. Criminal law--Second degree murder--Attempted second degree murder--Evidence--Malice--Evidence that defendant, who had told a friend that he wanted to kill himself and that he intended to make big headlines and go out with a bang, drove his vehicle into a group of people and then drove his vehicle directly toward a woman on a sidewalk was sufficient to support finding that defendant acted with malice--Trial court did not err in denying motion for judgment of acquittal--Jury instructions--Jury instruction on lesser included offense of intentional act manslaughter, which stated that it was not necessary for state to prove that defendant had premeditated intent to cause death, only an intent to commit an act which caused death, was not erroneous--Further, an erroneous instruction on manslaughter by act does not constitute fundamental error when jury is also instructed of offense of manslaughter by culpable negligence.
BOOKER v. STATE, 244 So.3d 1151, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D795a (Fla. 1DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-752 (Booker v. State). Order dated April 1, 2019. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Sentencing--Subsection of section 775.082, Florida Statutes, which authorizes trial judge rather than jury to make finding that defendant poses a danger to public and to impose a state prison sanction that exceeds the maximum nonstate sanction of up to one year in county jail where scoresheet points are 22 or fewer, is unconstitutional as applied to defendant who was sentenced pursuant to subsection to four years' imprisonment in state prison--Error was not harmless--Proper remedy is to invalidate defendant's sentence and remand for resentencing under prior version of sentencing statute--Conflict certified--Question certified: Whether the second sentence in subsection (10) of section 775.082, Florida Statutes, which authorizes a trial judge to make factual findings independent of a jury as to an offender's potential "danger to the public" and to impose a state prison sentence that exceeds the maximum nonstate sanction of up to one year in county jail violates the Sixth Amendment as applied to Booker? If the error is not harmless, what remedy is appropriate?
BRAGDON v. STATE, 123 So.3d 654, 38 Fla. L. Weekly D2111a (Fla. 4DCA 2013). Supreme Court Case No. SC13-2083 (Bragdon v. State). Order dated July 2, 2014. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Immunity--Stand Your Ground law--Defendant engaged in unlawful activity--Defendant's crime of possession of firearm by convicted felon precludes him from seeking immunity under Stand Your Ground law--Conflict certified on issue of whether defendant engaged in "unlawful activity" is precluded from claiming self-defense immunity from prosecution.
BURNS v. STATE, __ So.3d __, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D1569c (Fla. 1DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-1208 (State v. Burns). Order dated January 2, 2019. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Sentencing--Factors--Lack of remorse and assertion of innocence--Trial court improperly relied on lack of remorse and assertion of innocence when sentencing defendant, who initially confessed to crime and thereafter entered plea of not guilty, demanded jury trial, attempted to retract confession during trial testimony, and maintained innocence at sentencing--Question certified: May a sentencing court rely on a defendant's lack of remorse after the defendant has given a post-Miranda sworn confession to the crime and has obviously lied under oath at trial about his guilt?
CANADAY v. STATE, 120 So.3d 615, 38 Fla. L. Weekly D1863c (Fla. 5DCA 2013). Supreme Court Case No. SC17-704 (Canady v. State). Order dated July 18, 2017. No oral argument. Criminal law--Appeals-- Claim that trial court erred by not granting motion for new trial on ground that Williams rule evidence was improperly allowed to become a feature of trial was not preserved for appellate review where defendant never sought a new trial on that basis or obtained a ruling on the issue in trial court.
CHERISMA v. STATE, 86 So.3d 1195, 37 Fla. L. Weekly D1050a (Fla. 3DCA 2012). Supreme Court Case No. SC12-1068 (Cherisma v. State). Order dated March 7, 2013. No oral argument. Criminal law--Evidence--Bolstering of witnesses--No error in allowing officer to testify that he would have arrested defendant despite inconsistencies between victim's initial and subsequent account of the details where testimony was elicited in rebuttal to defense's suggestion that victim was unreliable, and responses did not amount to vouching for victim's credibility or the truthfulness of his testimony--Appeals--General objection to questioning of officer in response to defense questions regarding objectivity of photo line up used to identify defendant was not specific enough to preserve issue for appeal.
CITY OF FORT PIERCE v. TREASURE COAST MARINA, LC, __ So.3d __, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D1271a (Fla. 4DCA 2016). Supreme Court Case No. SC16-1107 (Treasure Coast Marina, LC v. City of Fort Pierce). Order dated August 25, 2016. Oral argument set by separate order. Taxation--Ad valorem--Exemptions--Municipal or public purpose--Marinas owned and operated by city served "municipal or public purpose" under applicable case law where marinas were open to public use, exclusively owned and operated by city, and part of larger recreational park complex providing recreation for local residents and supporting local economy by attracting non-local residents--Trial court erred by determining that city was not entitled to exemption--Supreme court did not change legal standard for municipal or public purpose exemption in Florida Department of Revenue v. City of Gainesville--Question certified: In light of Florida Department of Revenue v. City of Gainesville, 918 So. 2d 250 (Fla. 2005), does a municipally owned and operated marina still qualify as a traditionally exempt "municipal or public purpose" under Article VII, section 3(a) of the Florida Constitution?
CITY OF JACKSONVILLE v. SMITH, 159 So.3d 888, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D516a (Fla. 1DCA 2015). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-534 (Smith v. City of Jacksonville). Order dated May 22, 2015. Oral argument set by separate order. Real property--Bert J. Harris, Jr., Private Property Rights Protection Act--Action against city alleging that city's construction and operation of a fire station on city property inordinately burdened plaintiffs' adjacent property by making it effectively unmarketable as a luxury home site, entitling plaintiffs to relief under Harris Act--Harris Act is not applicable where plaintiffs' property was not itself subject to any governmental regulatory action--Trial court erred in finding that plaintiffs were entitled to relief under act--Question certified: May a property owner maintain an action pursuant to the Harris Act if that owner has not had a law, regulation, or ordinance directly applied to the owner's property which restricts or limits the use of the property?
CZAJKOWSKI v. STATE, 178 So.3d 498, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D2464b (Fla. 4DCA). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-2313. (Czajkowski v. State). Order dated March 24, 2016. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Unlawful compensation or reward for official behavior--Conspiracy--Trial court did not err in denying motion to dismiss information on ground that statute was unconstitutional as applied to defendant because of vagueness of phrase "not authorized by law"--Although phrase is not defined in statute itself, its meaning can be ascertained by reference to other statutory provisions, case law, and plain and ordinary meaning of its words of common usage.
D'AGASTINO v. CITY OF MIAMI, __ So.3d __, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D689a (Fla. 3DCA 2016). Supreme Court Case No. SC16-645 (D'Agastino v. City of Miami). Order dated June 28, 2016. Oral argument set by separate order. Municipal corporations--Police officers--Municipal ordinance creating a Civilian Investigative Panel to investigate civilian complaints against police officers and to propose recommendations to city manager and police chief regarding allegations of misconduct does not directly conflict with state statute.
DAVIS v. STATE, 95 So.3d 340, 37 Fla. L. Weekly D1784a (Fla. 5DCA 2012). Supreme Court Case Nos. SC12-2212 and SC12-2214, Consolidated (State v. Davis; Davis v. State). Order dated December 19, 2013. Oral argument set by separate order. Criminal law--Conspiracy to traffic cocaine--Sufficiency of evidence--Defendant convicted of conspiracy to traffic in cocaine as a result of his selling cocaine to buyer, and then buyer selling that same cocaine to a third person--Evidence was insufficient to support conviction of conspiracy--Agreement that constitutes conspiracy must be an agreement to commit the same criminal offense, and evidence here failed to demonstrate any agreement or concurrent intent between defendant and buyer to join in the same act of selling, purchasing, delivering, or possessing a particular item of cocaine--Evidence demonstrated that defendant intended to possess and then sell cocaine, and that buyer intended to purchase and then possess cocaine--Neither buyer's purchase of cocaine nor his resale to a third party created any inference that defendant agreed with buyer that buyer would resell it--Fact that defendant gave his phone number to another party to give to buyer does not support conviction because although the other party knew the number was for purpose of connecting buyer and defendant for the purchase of cocaine, there was no evidence the other party knew or agreed to any details of any prospective drug transaction--Defendant's allusions to anonymous third parties in phone conversation with buyer were not sufficient where no evidence showed that such parties existed and that defendant conspired with them--Conflict certified.
DAVIS v. STATE, 253 So.3d 1234, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D2029b (Fla. 5DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-1627 (Davis v. State). Order dated October 4, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Speedy trial--Question certified: Should the determination of whether an arrest has occurred for speedy trial purposes be based on an objective consideration of the totality of the circumstances, including but not limited to: (1) whether the person was detained with the intent to effect an arrest under a real or pretended authority; (2) whether there was an actual or constructive seizure or detention by someone with the present power to control the person detained; (3) whether there was a communication by the detaining officer to the person whose detention is sought of an intention or purpose then and there to effect an arrest; and (4) whether a reasonable person in the detainee's position would have understood that he or she was under arrest?
DENINO v. ABBATE, 247 So.3d 48, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D1020a (Fla. 2DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-848 (Abbate v. Denino). Order dated December 27, 2018. No oral argument. Attorney's fees--Sanction for filing frivolous lawsuit--Trial court erred in denying motion for sanctions on basis that the motion was not served in compliance with the strict email service requirements set forth in Florida Rule of Judicial Administration 2.516--Email service requirements of rule do not apply to a motion filed as part of section 57.105(4) safe harbor notice--Conflict certified.
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION v. CSX TRANSPORTATION, INC., 128 So.3d 209, 38 Fla. L. Weekly D2616a (Fla. 2DCA 2013). Supreme Court Case No. SC14-69 (Florida Department of Transportation v. Schwefringhaus). Order dated April 3, 2014. Oral argument set by separate order. Torts--Indemnity--Department of Transportation--Agreement by which Department of Transportation's predecessor agreed to indemnify railroad for losses at railroad crossing in consideration for license to use railroad's land for crossing is enforceable--Trial court properly found that DOT was obligated to indemnify railroad for amount of settlement paid by railroad to resolve a negligence action arising from an accident at the railroad crossing--Because DOT's liability was based on an express contract, DOT's liability was not limited to $200,000 under waiver of sovereign immunity statute--Questions certified: Is DOT bound by a railroad crossing agreement under which it received a revocable license to use land as right-of-way if the sole consideration for the license was an agreement to indemnify the railroad for losses arising out of DOT's activity on the land? If so, is DOT's liability under the crossing agreement limited by section 768.28(5), Florida Statutes (2002)?
DIAZ v. STATE, 106 So.3d 515, 38 Fla. L. Weekly D320a (Fla. 2DCA 2013). Supreme Court Case No. SC14-2385 (Diaz v. State). Order dated December 10, 2014. Criminal law--Sentencing--Considerations--Trial court erred in considering the alleged untruthfulness of defendant's testimony in its sentencing determination--Remand for resentencing before a different judge.
DOE v. STATE, __ So.3d __, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D2220a (Fla. 2DCA 2016). Supreme Court Case No. SC16-1852 (Doe v. State) (Consolidated with SC16-1854, SC16-1855, SC16-1856, SC16-1857, SC16-1858, SC16-1859, SC16-1860, SC16-1861, SC16-1862, SC16-1863, SC16-1864, SC16-1865, SC16-1866, SC16-1867). Order dated October 27, 2016. Oral argument set for February 7, 2017. Baker Act--Mandamus--Petitioners are not entitled to writ of mandamus directing judicial officers assigned to preside over Baker Act hearings to appear for those hearings at the receiving facilities where the patients are held rather than via videoconference from the courthouse--There is no ministerial, indisputable legal duty clearly established in the law which requires judicial officers presiding over involuntary inpatient placement hearings to be physically present with the patients, witnesses, and attorneys--Question certified: Does a judicial officer have an existing indisputable legal duty to preside over section 394.467 hearings in person?
DOMINIQUE v. STATE, 171 So.3d 204, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D1828a (Fla. 4DCA 2015). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-1613 (State v. Dominique). Order dated November 25, 2015. No oral argument. Criminal law--Second degree murder--Jury instructions--Lesser-included offenses--Manslaughter by act--Trial court erred in giving standard jury instruction which required jury to find killing was intentional--Error was fundamental where erroneous instruction pertained to disputed element of offense, defendant's state of mind, and error was pertinent or material to what jury had to consider to convict the defendant--Error not cured by instructing jury on manslaughter by culpable negligence--Conflict certified.
DORTCH v. STATE, 242 So.3d 431, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D1545c (Fla. 4DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-681 (State v. Dortch). Order dated July 11, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Competency of defendant--Trial court erred in failing to hold competency hearing and failing to enter order on issue of defendant's competency prior to accepting plea--Appeals--Defendant is not required to file a motion to withdraw plea before raising issue of failure to comply with rules 3.210-.212 on direct appeal in cases where the trial court has reasonable grounds to believe the defendant is incompetent and has ordered an examination--Conflict certified.
DOZIER v. STATE, 175 So.3d 322, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D1946g (Fla. 1DCA 2015). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-2092 (Dozier v. State). Order dated May 2, 2016. Oral argument set by separate order. Criminal law--Speedy trial--Interstate Agreement on Detainers Act--Defendant is not entitled to discharge under speedy trial protections of IADA where, at the time of defendant's IADA request, even though a detainer had been filed, no indictment, information, or complaint yet existed that would trigger IADA's application--IADA cannot be triggered solely by the filing of a detainer pursuant to a felony warrant--Further, defendant's requests were not in substantial compliance with the requirements for a request for a final disposition under IADA--Petition for writ of prohibition denied.
EVANS v. STATE, __ So.3d __, 38 Fla. L. Weekly D217f (Fla. 5DCA 2013). Supreme Court Case No. SC13-282 (State v. Evans). Order dated April 18, 2013. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Sexually violent predators--Civil commitment under Jimmy Ryce Act--Jurisdiction--Lawful custody--State did not have jurisdiction to initiate civil commitment proceedings under the involuntary Civil Commitment of Sexually Violent Predators Act against an inmate who is entitled to immediate release based on a corrected award of time served--Question certified.
FERNANDEZ-ANDREW v. FLORIDA PENINSULA INSURANCE COMPANY, 208 So.3d 835, 42 Fla. L. Weekly D230a (Fla. 3DCA 2017). Supreme Court Case No. SC17-252 (Fernandez-Andrew v. Florida Peninsula Insurance Company). Order Dated May 15, 2017. No oral argument. Insurance--Homeowners--Appeals--Certiorari--Insured is not entitled to writ of certiorari seeking to quash trial court order abating insured's declaratory judgment action against insurer and enforcing the option to repair provision contained in the policy where insured has not shown that trial court order creates irreparable harm--Because insurer agrees that insured is not precluded from maintaining her suit after insurer completes its repairs to property, trial court order does not result in irreparable harm.
FINR II, INC. v. HARDEE COUNTY, 164 So.3d 1260, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D1355a (Fla. 2DCA 2015). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-1260 (Hardee County v. FINR II, Inc.). Order dated August 18, 2015. Oral argument set by separate order. Real property--Private property rights--Bert J. Harris, Jr. Act provides a cause of action to an owner of real property that has been inordinately burdened and diminished in value due to governmental action directly taken against an adjacent property--Conflict certified--Trial court erred in dismissing property owner's action under Harris Act against county which granted a special exception to adjacent property to allow phosphate mining activity closer to owner's property than that allowed by setback provision of comprehensive plan.
FLORIDA HIGHWAY PATROL v. JACKSON, 238 So.3d 430, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D451a (Fla. 1DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-468 (Florida Highway Patrol v. Jackson). Order dated December 27, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Appeals--Sovereign immunity--Order which denied defendant's motion for summary judgment on sovereign immunity grounds but did not explicitly state as matter of law that defendant was not entitled to sovereign immunity is not appealable--Question certified: Does Rule 9.130 permit an appeal of a non-final order denying immunity if the record shows that the defendant is entitled to immunity as a matter of law but the trial court did not explicitly preclude it as a defense?
FRANCE v. FRANCE, 90 So. 3d 860, 37 Fla. L. Weekly D1299c (Fla. 5DCA 2012). Supreme Court Case No. SC12-1370 (France v. France). Order dated November 6, 2012. Oral argument will be set by separate order. Torts--Florida Security of Communications Act--Interception of communications without consent--Jurisdiction--Action arising out of defendant's recording of phone calls with plaintiff without plaintiff's consent while defendant was in North Carolina and plaintiff was in Florida--Trial court erred in granting defendant's motion to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction--Tortious act occurred in Florida because the interception occurred where the communication was uttered, not where it was heard--Conflict certified.
GERACI v. SUNSTAR EMS, 93 So.3d 384, 37 Fla. L. Weekly D1545b (Fla. 2DCA 2012). Supreme Court Case No. SC12-2073 (Sunstar EMS v. Geraci). Order dated April 23, 2013. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Estates--Claims--Exempt property--Homestead--Condominium that is subject to a long-term leasehold may qualify as homestead to be protected from forced sale to pay creditors of deceased owner--When a lessee's interest in leasehold estate includes right to use and occupy the premises for a long term, and the lessee has made the residence his principal and exclusive residence, such an interest is entitled to Florida's homestead exemption from forced sale--Trial court erred in declining to apply homestead exemption based on its determination that the homestead protection at issue was actually that of descent and devise.
GOODMAN v. FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF LAW ENFORCEMENT, __ So.3d __, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D1247b; question certified at 41 Fla. L. Weekly D1968a (Fla. 4DCA 2016). Supreme Court Case No. SC16-1752 (Goodman v. Florida Department of Law Enforcement). Order dated October 14, 2016. Oral argument set by separate order. Administrative law--Department of Law Enforcement--Rules--Blood testing--Questions certified: (1) Are current FDLE rules inadequate under State v. Miles for purportedly failing to sufficiently regulate proper blood draw procedures, as well as the homogenization process to "cure" a clotted blood sample? (2) Are the present rules similarly inadequate for failing to specifically regulate the work of analysts in screening blood samples, documenting irregularities, and rejecting unfit samples?
GORDON v. STATE, 139 So.3d 958, 39 Fla. L. Weekly D1203a (Fla. 2DCA 2014). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-1654 (Gordon v. State). Order dated December 7, 2015. Criminal law--Trafficking in and conspiracy to traffic in oxycodone--Sentencing--Excessive fines--Neither $100,000 fine imposed for trafficking conviction nor $500,000 fine imposed for conspiracy conviction was excessive within proscriptions of state or federal constitutions--Appeals--Although defendant did not preserve any error as to fines either by objecting at sentencing or by rule 3.800(b) motion, because defendant challenges a sentencing statute as facially unconstitutional, and no appellate court has already addressed the issue, the issue is reviewable.
GRESHAM v. STATE, 181 So.3d 1207, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D2706b (Fla. 1DCA 2015). Supreme Court Case No. SC16-359 (Gresham v. State). Order dated May 24, 2016. No oral argument. Criminal law--Post conviction DNA testing--Trial court did not err in denying motion for post conviction DNA testing without a response from state where motion was facially insufficient--Motion was facially insufficient where it did not allege that identification was a genuinely disputed issue at trial or explain how DNA testing would exonerate defendant.
GRETNA RACING, LLC v. DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL REGULATION, DIVISION OF PARI-MUTUEL WAGERING, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D2242a (Fla. 1DCA 2015). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-1929 (Gretna Racing, LLC v. Florida Department of Business and Professional Regulation). Order dated December 1, 2015. Oral argument set by separate order. Administrative law--Pari-mutuel wagering--Department of Business and Professional Regulation, Division of Pari-Mutuel Wagering properly denied license for slot machine gaming at a horsetrack facility in Gadsden County after approval by a countywide vote--There is no legislative authorization for counties other than Miami-Dade and Broward to hold slot machine referenda in their jurisdictions without passage of additional authority--Further, the Gadsden County vote was not an authorized "referendum"--Question certified: Whether the Legislature intended that the third clause of section 551.102(4), Florida Statutes, enacted in 2009, authorize expansion of slot machines beyond Miami-Dade and Broward Counties via local referendum in all other eligible Florida counties without additional statutory or constitutional authorization after the effective date of the act?
HALL v. LOPEZ, __ So.3d __, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D1763a (Fla. 1DCA 2016). Supreme Court Case No. SC16-1921 (Lopez v. Hall). Order dated January 23, 2017. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Attorney's fees--Claim or defense not supported by material facts or applicable law--Trial court erred in ruling that attorney's fees pursuant to section 57.105, Florida Statutes, cannot be awarded in an action for injunction for protection against violence--Conflict certified.
HART v. STATE, 246 So.3d 417, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D970a (Fla. 4DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-967 (Hart v. State). Order dated September 7, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Sentencing--Offense committed by juvenile--Term-of-years sentence without review mechanism--Thirty-year prison sentence for non-homicide offense committed when defendant was juvenile did not violate Eighth Amendment or Graham v. Florida--Accordingly, defendant was not entitled to resentencing in accordance with chapter 2014-220--Conflict certified--Florida Supreme Court has not plainly required that all "term-of-years" juvenile offender sentences, even those of shorter duration, provide a mechanism for early release based on demonstrated maturity and rehabilitation.
HOLT v. KEETLEY, 250 So.3d 206, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D1389a (Fla. 2DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-1171 (Holt v. Keetley). Order dated December 20, 2018. No oral argument. Criminal law--Counsel--Appointed--Public defender's petition for writ of certiorari quashing circuit court's order appointing her office to represent indigent defendant in penalty-phase proceedings in capital case dismissed, as none of the arguments public defender raises were preserved, and because public defender failed to make threshold jurisdictional showing of material injury.
HOOKS v. STATE, 236 So.3d 1122, 42 Fla. L. Weekly D2578a & 43 Fla. L. Weekly D495a (Fla. 1DCA 2017). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-1106 (Hooks v. State). Order dated September 4, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Counsel--Self-representation--Trial court conducted adequate Faretta inquiry before permitting defendant to represent himself--Inquiry is not rendered inadequate because of court's failure to ask defendant specific questions--Question certified: Is a Faretta inquiry invalid if the court does not explicitly inquire as to the defendant's age, experience, and understanding of the Rules of Criminal Procedure?
HUNTER v. SHAW, 182 So.3d 784, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D43d (Fla. 1DCA 2016). Supreme Court Case No. SC16-118 (Shaw v. Hunter). Order dated May 25, 2016. Oral argument set by separate order. Torts--Sheriffs--Venue--Home venue privilege--Action against sheriff is his official capacity, alleging sheriff's vicarious liability for negligence of deputy sheriff in rear-end collision with plaintiffs' vehicle--Sheriff and deputy sheriff were not joint tortfeasors, and joint tortfeasor exception to home venue privilege was not applicable--Florida law does not recognize a co-defendant exception.
HUNTER v. STATE, 174 So.3d 1011, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D1109a (Fla. 1DCA 2015). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-1958 (Hunter v. State). Order dated August 12, 2016. No oral argument. Criminal law--Robbery with deadly weapon--Aggravated assault on person 65 or older--Competency to stand trial--Where trial court received report from state hospital indicating that defendant, who was previously adjudicated incompetent, had regained competency to proceed with trial, trial court scheduled and convened a competency hearing and on the record considered reports from two forensic mental health specialists deeming defendant competent to stand trial, but court made no competency determination at time of hearing because defense counsel sought psychiatric reevaluation of defendant primarily to address whether defendant was insane at time of charged offenses, appellate court construes trial court's reply of "okay" to defense counsel's statement at subsequent status conference that defendant was competent to stand trial but could still be insane as an oral determination of defendant's competency to proceed with trial--Case remanded for entry of written adjudication of competency nunc pro tunc--Evidence--Hearsay--911 call--Recorded statements during 911 call in which caller conveyed information from an unidentified speaker were inadmissible hearsay within hearsay--Error in admitting portion of recording containing these statements was harmless where information contained in statements was merely cumulative to trial testimony and information conveyed was not crucial to identifying defendant as perpetrator--Sentencing--Neither habitual violent felony offender sentence nor prison releasee reoffender sentence is based on factors which state must prove to jury under U.S. Supreme Court precedent.
IVEY v. STATE, __ So.3d __, 42 Fla. L. Weekly D2004a & 43 Fla. L. Weekly D413d (Fla. 1DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-372 (State v. Ivey). Order dated July 11, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Jurors--Peremptory challenges--Racial discrimination--Question certified: Has a defendant who accepts a jury, but renewed a previously-raised objection to a state peremptory challenge after the challenged juror has been excused but before the jury is sworn, waived that objection?
JACKSON v. HOUSEHOLD FINANCE CORPORATION III, 236 So.3d 1170, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D261b (Fla. 2DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-357 (Jackson v. Household Finance Corporation III). Order dated July 6, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Mortgage foreclosure--Evidence--Hearsay--Exceptions--Business records--Testimony of witness employed in executive capacity by company that prepared and maintained records at issue provided proper foundation for admission of business records into evidence--Trial court properly admitted business records where, after plaintiff laid initial predicate for business records exception, defendants failed to meet burden of showing that witness lacked requisite knowledge to testify as records custodian--Conflict certified.
JOHNSON v. STATE, __ So.3d __, 44 Fla. L. Weekly D34a (Fla. 4DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC19-96 (State v. Johnson). Order Dated April 8, 2019. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Jurors--Peremptory challenges--Racial discrimination--Race-neutral explanation--Genuineness--Trial court is always required to follow three-step procedure set out in Melbourne v. Florida when party objects to exercise of a peremptory challenge on the ground that it was made on an improper discriminatory basis--At a minimum, Melbourne imposes duty on trial courts at "genuineness" step to request a response to proffered explanation from the opponent of the peremptory challenge--Argument that three-step procedure is required only "if requested" is rejected--Conflict certified--New trial required where it was clear from record that trial court failed to determine genuineness of state's facially race-neutral explanation for its challenge to African-American prospective juror--Appeals--Preservation of issue--Melbourne imposes procedural requirements as a duty on trial courts that do not require objections at each step to preserve the matter for appellate review--However, standard preservation requirements apply with regard to factual accuracy of assertions by the proponent of a peremptory strike--Probation revocation--Any error in jury selection did not affect probation violation proceedings which were tried without jury--Judgment and sentences for probation violations affirmed.
KNIGHTON v. STATE, 193 So.3d 115, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D1244b (Fla. 4DCA 2016). Supreme Court Case No. SC16-1426 (State v. Knighton). Order dated December 30, 2016. No oral argument. Criminal law--Lewd or lascivious battery--Jury instructions--Lesser included offenses--Unnatural and lascivious act--Trial court erred by failing to give requested lesser-included offense instruction on unnatural and lascivious act--Sister district's reasoning that a defendant charged with lewd or lascivious battery is entitled to an instruction on the lesser-included offense of unnatural and lascivious act is adopted--Sexual intercourse between an adult and child constitutes an unnatural and lascivious act--The offense of unnatural and lascivious act is a permissible lesser-included offense to lewd or lascivious battery--Sentencing--Scoresheet--Although moot in light of the holding on jury instructions, there was no error in including prior juvenile dispositions on sentencing scoresheet.
KOPEL v. KOPEL, 117 So.3d 1147, 38 Fla. L. Weekly D666a (Fla. 3DCA 2013). Supreme Court Case No. SC13-992 (Kopel v. Kopel). Order dated June 11, 2014. No oral argument. Contracts--Limitation of actions--Unjust enrichment--Plaintiff's breach of contract claim was barred by statute of limitations where claim was first raised in amended complaint after limitations period had run, and amended complaint did not relate back to initial complaint because it raised a claim that was new, different, and distinct from initial claim--Error to enter judgment for plaintiff on unjust enrichment claim where plaintiff's investment of funds into a jointly held corporation did not benefit either individual defendant directly, but only indirectly benefitted one individual defendant through a corporation which he happened to partially own.
LASALLE BANK, N.A., v. GRIFFIN, 248 So.3d 191, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D953a (Fla. 1DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-1132 (Griffin v. LaSalle Bank, N.A.). Order dated December 19, 2018. No oral argument. Prohibition--Jurisdiction--Circuit court lacked jurisdiction to entertain third-party purchaser's motion for betterment damages filed after circuit court had entered final judgment of foreclosure in petitioner's favor and the time for filing petition for rehearing or motion for new trial had expired--Petitioner did not waive jurisdictional argument by participating in one mediation of pending motion for damages and waiting five years to raise jurisdictional argument--Trial court's reservation of jurisdiction in mortgage foreclosure suit does not change result, as trial court lacked jurisdiction to consider new claim that was not part of previous foreclosure litigation.
LEE v. STATE, 117 So.3d 848, 38 Fla. L. Weekly D1521c (Fla. 5DCA 2013). Supreme Court Case No. SC14-1073 (Lee v. State). Order dated October 20, 2014. Criminal law--Robbery with firearm--Aggravated battery with firearm--New trial--Verdict against weight of evidence--Defendant entitled to new hearing on motion for new trial founded on claim that principal testimony against defendant at trial was fatally inconsistent where it is unclear whether trial judge applied correct standard in denying the motion.
LEE v. STATE, 130 So.3d 707, 38 Fla. L. Weekly D2475a (Fla. 2DCA 2013). Supreme Court Case No. SC14-416 (Lee v. State). Order dated November 17, 2016. No oral argument. Criminal law--Juveniles--Attempted first degree murder--Sentencing--Cruel and unusual punishment--In resentencing defendant pursuant to United States Supreme Court's decision in Graham v. Florida, trial court properly imposed 40-year term of imprisonment with 25-year minimum mandatory term--Presentence investigation--No merit to defendant's claim he was entitled to updated PSI at sentencing hearing where, with counsel having updated the record with information documenting defendant's prison experience and given the defendant's own testimony, it is unlikely such an update would contain anything not already in the record--Verdict--Jury's verdict authorizes 25-year minimum mandatory term even though the verdict form did not require the jury to make express findings that defendant "discharged" a firearm or that he caused "great bodily harm"--While generally it is error to enhance a sentence under the statute without a clear jury finding regarding the factual basis for enhancement, here the jury's finding that defendant committed attempted first-degree murder "with a firearm as charged in the information," where the information charged that he did "inflict upon [the victim] mortal wounds by shooting with a firearm," it is beyond a reasonable doubt that the jury found defendant met the statutory requirements--Failure to obtain a jury finding can be determined to be harmless beyond a reasonable doubt in the case of an Alleyne error.
LOMAX v. STATE, 148 So.3d 119, 39 Fla. L. Weekly D1942a (Fla. 1DCA 2014). Supreme Court Case No. SC16-2033 (Lomax v. State). Order dated November 10, 2016. Criminal law--Search and seizure--Traffic stop--Officer's observation of defendant's vehicle swerving over solid double yellow lines on two-lane highway provided probable cause for traffic stop--Although defendant was not attempting to pass another vehicle, actions of swerving across double yellow lines constituted a violation of traffic control device of double yellow lines.
LOVE v. STATE, __ So.3d __, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D1065b (Fla. 3DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-747 (Love v. State). Order dated June 26, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Immunity--Stand Your Ground law--Statutory amendment which changes burden of proof from defendant to state at Stand Your Ground immunity hearing is not unconstitutional as a violation of separation of powers, but the amendment does not apply retroactively to a crime committed prior to the enactment of the amendment--Conflict certified.
M.A.B. v. STATE, 957 So.2d 1219 (Fla. 2DCA 2007). Supreme Court Case No. SC07-1381 (M.A.B. v. State). Order dated August 21, 2007. Oral argument set by separate order. Criminal law -- Juveniles -- Evidence -- Statements of juvenile -- Claim that postarrest statements should have been suppressed because Miranda warnings failed to inform juvenile of right to have attorney present during questioning -- Adjudications affirmed -- Question certified: Does the failure to provide express advice of the right to the presence of counsel during questioning vitiate Miranda warnings which advise of both (a) the right to talk to a lawyer “before questioning” and (b) the “right to use” the right to consult a lawyer “at any time” during questioning?
MCCLOUD v. STATE, 224 So.3d 842, 42 Fla. L. Weekly D1759a (Fla. 2DCA 2017). Supreme Court Case No. SC17-2011 (McCloud v. State). Order dated January 25, 2018. No oral argument. Criminal law--Witness tampering--Statute does not require state to prove that a witness was attempting to contact law enforcement during commission or possible commission of criminal offense in order to support conviction for witness tampering--Conflict certified.
MCCOY v. STATE, 194 So.3d 1058, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D1450b (Fla. 1DCA 2016). Supreme Court Case No. SC16-1316 (McCoy v. State). Order dated August 23, 2016. No oral argument. Criminal law--Second degree murder--Jury instructions--Lesser included offenses--Listing of second degree felony of aggravated battery after third degree felony of attempted manslaughter as lesser included offenses in jury instructions and on verdict form did not constitute fundamental error--Error in listing of lesser included offenses on verdict form and in jury instructions is not fundamental error in first district--Conflict certified.
MCGRAW v. STATE, __ So.3d __, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D618a & D1122b (Fla. 4DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-792 (McGraw v. State). Order dated July 9, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Driving under influence--Search and seizure--Blood draw--Implied consent--Question certified: Under the Fourth Amendment, may a warrantless blood draw of an unconscious person, incapable of giving actual consent, be pursuant to section 316.1932(1)(c), Florida Statutes (2016) ("Any person who is incapable of refusal by reason of unconsciousness or other mental or physical condition is deemed not to have withdrawn his or her consent to [a blood draw and testing]."), so that an unconscious defendant can be said to have "consented" to the blood draw?
MENDEZ v. HAMPTON COURT NURSING CENTER, LLC., 140 So.3d 671, 39 Fla. L. Weekly D1191a (Fla. 3DCA 2014). Supreme Court Case No. SC14-1349 (Mendez v. Hampton Court Nursing Center, LLC.). Order dated December 16, 2014. Oral argument set by separate order. Torts--Nursing homes--Arbitration--Enforceability of arbitration clause--Non-signatory who is third-party beneficiary--Nursing home resident was bound by arbitration provision in nursing home admission agreement that was signed by his son after doctor at nursing home determined that resident lacked capacity to give informed consent or make medical decisions because resident was the intended third-party beneficiary of agreement.
MORRISON v. STATE, 161 So.3d 564, 39 Fla. L. Weekly D2255b (Fla. 2DCA 2014). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-1526 (Morrison v. State). Order dated August 20, 2015. Criminal law--Evidence--Hearsay--Exceptions--Excited utterance--Trial court erred by failing to conduct hearing or make required predicate findings before admitting 911 recording of domestic violence victim as excited utterance, but because defendant was convicted of battery on a law enforcement officer and obstructing or opposing an officer with violence, and not of the domestic violence charge, the improperly admitted evidence was not relevant to the charges for which the defendant was convicted, and the error was harmless.
NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE LLC v. GLASS, 219 So.3d 896, 42 Fla. L. Weekly D1409a (Fla. 4DCA 2017). Supreme Court Case No. SC17-1387 (Glass v. Nationstar Mortgage, LLC). Order dated February 13, 2018. No oral argument. Attorney's fees--Appellate--Prevailing party--Mutuality of obligation--Where defendant in mortgage foreclosure succeeded in having suit dismissed for lack of standing under the contract sued upon, defendant could not thereafter rely upon reciprocity provision of section 57.105(7) as basis for claiming attorney's fees under that contract--Motion for appellate fees denied--Request for appellate costs denied without prejudice, as request for costs is not properly presented to appellate court.
KNIGHT v. STATE, __ So.3d __, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D404a (Fla. 1DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-309 (Knight v. State). Order dated June 25, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Attempted second degree murder--Jury instructions--Lesser included offenses--Giving of jury instruction on attempted voluntary manslaughter that incorrectly included an element of intent to kill did not constitute fundamental error, and error was harmless--Conflict certified--Error in giving of erroneous jury instruction was waived under circumstances of case--Question certified: In order for counsel to waive an error in a jury instruction that would otherwise be fundamental, is it only necessary that counsel affirmatively agree to the instruction, or is it also necessary for counsel to affirmatively agree to the portion of the instruction that is error and/or to be aware that the instruction is erroneous?
NOA v. FLORIDA INSURANCE GUARANTY ASSOCIATION, 215 So.3d 141, 42 Fla. L. Weekly D682a (Fla. 3DCA 2017). Supreme Court Case No. SC17-738 (Noa v. Florida Insurance Guaranty Association). Order dated October 20, 2017. Oral argument set by separate order. Insurance--Homeowners--Appraisal--Ordinance and law--Where initial appraisal found that roof tiles damaged by hurricane comprised 3 percent of roof and stated that it did not appraise any allowance for the effects of law and ordinances, insured was not entitled to a second appraisal after a roofing contractor submitted a permit application to repair 30 percent of the roof which was rejected by building and zoning authority, as building code requires that not more than 25 percent of total roof can be repaired, and insured entered into contract with roofing contractor for a full roof--Notation on appraisal award that law and ordinance was not appraised indicated that appraisal panel concluded that building code requirements did not require replacement of entire roof, and that appraisal could not be circumvented by a later finding by a roofing contractor that 30 percent of the roof needed to be replaced, necessitating replacement of the entire roof.
OCHOA v. STATE, 120 So.3d 70, 38 Fla. L. Weekly D1672a (Fla. 2DCA 2013). Supreme Court Case No. SC13-1830 (Ochoa v. State). Order dated December 8, 2014. Criminal law--Double jeopardy--Separate convictions and sentences for both grand theft and dealing in stolen property were improper where offenses arose from single course of conduct--Possession of drugs--Challenge to facial constitutionality of applicable sections of Florida Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act is without merit.
O.I.C.L. v. DEPARTMENT OF CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, 169 So.3d 1244, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D1690a (Fla. 4DCA 2015). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-1570 (O.I.C.L. v. Department of Children and Families). Order dated October 30, 2015. Oral argument set for February 2, 2016. Dependent children--Abuse, abandonment, or neglect--Private petition for adjudication of dependency by undocumented immigrant shortly before his eighteenth birthday alleging abandonment and neglect by parents in foreign country, which adjudication would assist child in securing Special Immigration Juvenile Status visa that would enable him to apply for lawful permanent residency and secure a path to possible citizenship--Trial court did not err in denying petition based on finding that child did not qualify as dependent and was admittedly being well-cared-for by uncle who was ready, willing, and able relative and against whom no allegations of abandonment, abuse, or neglect were made--Discussion of factors trial court should consider when evaluating private dependency petitions filed on behalf of alien child--Although determination of child's status as dependent should be made independent of motivations for seeking that status, courts are cautioned to consider these sorts of petitions carefully.
PACCHIANA v. STATE, 240 So.3d 803, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D367a (Fla. 4DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-655 (State v. Pacchiana). Order dated December 17, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Jurors--Challenges--Peremptory--Racial discrimination--Race-neutral explanation--Trial court erred in finding that juror's religious affiliation alone was genuine and race-neutral basis for challenge where state did not question juror regarding her religion before exercising the strike and, even after questioning, nothing in the record showed juror's religion would prevent her from being fair and impartial juror--Even if strike were genuinely based on juror's religion, member of a religion that is a cognizable class is protected from being struck from jury based solely on her faith where there is no evidence that faith would prevent her from being fair and impartial juror--Striking potential juror based entirely on particular religious affiliation, without any evidence that religion would prevent her from being fair and impartial, is impermissible "religious test" in violation of state and federal constitutions.
PEDROZA v. STATE, 244 So.3d 1128, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D1201b (Fla. 4DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-964 (Pedroza v. State). Order dated December 6, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Sentencing--No entitlement to relief on claim that forty-year sentence for second-degree murder committed by juvenile violates Eighth Amendment--Conflict certified.
PERKINS v. SIMMONDS, 227 So.3d 646, 42 Fla. L. Weekly D2104b (Fla. 4DCA 2017). Supreme Court Case No. SC17-1963 (Simmonds v. Perkins). Order dated February 13, 2018. Oral argument set for May 8, 2018. Paternity--Standing to establish paternity--Child born into intact marriage--Trial court erred in finding that a putative father has no right to establish paternity of a child who was born into an intact marriage when the married mother and her husband object--Presumption that husband of biological mother of child is the child's legal father may be rebutted--Trial court erred in dismissing petition to establish paternity by biological father of child where child was given petitioner's last name, mother represented that she was getting or was divorced when she had child, petitioner financially supported child, and petitioner had a strong parent-child relationship with child.
PFEFFER v. LABOR READY SOUTHEAST, INC., __ So.3d __, 39 Fla. L. Weekly D1336b (Fla. 1DCA 2014). Supreme Court Case No. SC14-1325 (Pfeffer v. Labor Ready Southeast, Inc.). Order dated November 7, 2014. No oral argument. Workers' compensation--Attorney's fees--Statutory formula--Constitutionality.
PREPARED INSURANCE COMPANY v. GAL, 209 So.3d 14, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D2322a (Fla. 4DCA 2016). Supreme Court Case No. SC16-2190 (Gal v. Prepared Insurance Company). Order dated April 26, 2017. No oral argument. Insurance--Homeowners--Property damage--Replacement cost policy--Trial court erred in finding as matter of law that replacement cost policy required insurer to replace damaged kitchen cabinets as matter of law--Under both governing statute and insurance policy at issue, insurer may limit its liability to reasonable and necessary cost to repair damaged, destroyed, or stolen covered property--Trial court erred in ruling that payment for general contractor's overhead and profit was required as matter of law where there remained disputed issues of fact as to whether a general contractor would be necessary to repair damage--Trial court abused its discretion when it struck all insurer's witnesses because they were not general contractors where there were disputed issues of fact as to whether damaged kitchen cabinets could be repaired and whether contractor was reasonably necessary--Trial court abused its discretion by prohibiting inquiry into a second leak that occurred after initial water damage to kitchen cabinets, notwithstanding claim by insured's expert that the second leak did not impact his opinion regarding amount of loss--Remand for new trial.
RESTORATION 1 OF PORT ST. LUCIE v. ARK ROYAL INSURANCE COMPANY, 255 So.3d 344, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D2056a (Fla. 4DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-1624 (Restoration 1 of Port St. Lucie v. Ark Royal Insurance Company). Order dated December 27, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Insurance--Homeowners--Assignment--Clause in insurance contract requiring signatures of all insureds and mortgagees for an assignment of benefits was enforceable--Conflict certified.
RESTORATION 1 OF PORT ST. LUCIE v. ARK ROYAL INSURANCE COMPANY, 255 So.3d 344, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D2056a (Fla. 4DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-1623 (Ark Royal Insurance Co. v. Restoration 1 of Port St. Lucie). Order dated December 27, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Insurance--Homeowners--Assignment--Clause in insurance contract requiring signatures of all insureds and mortgagees for an assignment of benefits was enforceable--Conflict certified.
RICHARDS v. STATE, 258 So.3d 576, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D2709b (Fla. 5DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC19-24 (Richards v. State). Order dated March 25, 2019. No oral argument. Criminal law--Sentencing--Costs--Error to impose costs of investigation in absence of request from state.
RICHARDSON v. ARAMARK/SEDGWICK CMS, 134 So.3d 1133, 39 Fla. L. Weekly D388a (Fla. 1DCA 2014). Supreme Court Case No. SC14-738 (Richardson v. Aramark/Sedgwick CMS). Order dated November 7, 2014. No oral argument. Workers' compensation--Attorney's fees--Statutory fee schedule--Constitutionality.
RUIZ v. TENET HIALEAH HEALTHSYSTEM, INC., 224 So.3d 828, 42 Fla. L. Weekly D1727a (Fla. 3DCA 2017). Supreme Court Case No. SC17-1562 (Ruiz v. Tenet Hialeah Healthsystem, Inc.). Order dated January 11, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Wrongful death--Medical malpractice--Trial court did not err in granting directed verdict for anesthesiologist who conducted pre-anesthesia evaluation of decedent who died of exsanguination during surgical procedure--There was no competent, substantial evidence that defendant's behavior fell below the standard of care, or that any breach of the standard of care more likely than not caused decedent's death.
SANCHEZ v. MIAMI-DADE COUNTY, 245 So.3d 933, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D891a (Fla. 3DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-793 (Sanchez v. Miami-Dade County). Order dated October 4, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Torts--Counties--Sovereign immunity--Trial court properly granted summary judgment, on basis of sovereign immunity, for defendant county in action alleging that plaintiff was shot while attending a birthday party in county park due to county's negligent failure to allocate off-duty police officers as security for partygoers--Sovereign immunity protects county's policy and planning decisions about where to allocate its limited police resources.
SELLS v. CSX TRANSPORTATION, INC., 170 So.3d 27, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D1044b (Fla. 1DCA 2015). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-1639 (Sells v. CSX Transportation, Inc.). Order dated February 19, 2016. Oral argument set by separate order. Wrongful death--Railroads--Action against railroad under Federal Employers Liability Act by personal representative of conductor on train who suffered cardiac arrest while train was in a rural area--Trial court did not err in setting aside jury verdict in favor of plaintiff and entering directed verdict in favor of defendant railroad--Defendant did not have duty to make automated external defibrillators available or to train its employees in CPR in anticipation of decedent's cardiac arrest--There was no showing that defendant's failure to procure prompt medical assistance contributed to decedent's death--Defendant did not have duty to require that its employees administer medical care in the form of life-saving techniques that require training or certification.
SHANDS TEACHING HOSPITAL AND CLINICS INC. v. ESTATE OF LAWSON, 175 So.3d 327, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D2000b (Fla. 1DCA 2015). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-1827 (Estate of Lawson v. Shands Teaching Hospital and Clinics Inc.). Order dated June 17, 2016. No oral argument. Wrongful death--Hospitals--Medical malpractice--Presuit requirements--Applicability--Action alleging ordinary negligence against hospital arising out of death of psychiatric patient who apparently took employee's unattended keys and badge, escaped hospital, made her way onto nearby interstate highway and into the path of a truck, which struck and killed her--Because claims arose from services and care hospital was giving to patient who was confined within hospital's locked unit, which was the service that decedent's condition allegedly required, action was one for medical negligence and was subject to presuit requirements of chapter 766--Trial court departed from essential requirements of law by denying defendant's motion to dismiss--Allowing noncomplying medical negligence litigation to proceed frustrates purposes of Medical Malpractice Reform Act and imposes material and irreparable harm to medical defendants.
SIMON'S TRUCKING, INC. v. LIEUPO, 244 So. 3d 370, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D805a (Fla. 1DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-657 (Lieupo v. Simon's Trucking, Inc.). Order dated November 6, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Torts--Discharge of pollutants--Strict liability--Plaintiff/tow truck driver who was injured when he responded to scene of accident involving tractor-trailer which had been transporting batteries and came into contact with battery acid which had spilled onto the highway could not recover for personal injuries under statutory cause of action created by section 376.313(3)--Question certified: Does the private cause of action contained in section 376.313(3), permit recovery for personal injury?
SOSNOWSKI v. STATE, 245 So.3d 885, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D789a (Fla. 1DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-1409 (Sosnowski v. State). Corrected order dated December 5, 2018. Criminal law--Battery on law enforcement officer--Resisting officer with violence--Lawful performance of legal duty--Officers had probable cause to arrest defendant for domestic violence at time of their encounter with him, and exigent circumstances justified their warrantless entry into defendant's backyard and home to ensure safety of five-year-old child whom officers knew was inside fortified home with defendant, a hostile and potentially violent aggressor--Trial court did not err by denying motion for judgment of acquittal.
ST. PAUL FIRE AND MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY v. LLORENTE, 156 So.3d 511, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D67a (Fla. 3DCA 2015). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-508 (Llorente v. St. Paul Fire and Marine Insurance Company). Order dated August 18, 2015. Oral argument set by separate order. Insurance--Professional liability--Exclusions--Policy provision which excluded "claims arising out of the inability or failure to pay, collect, administer or safeguard funds held or to be held for others," unambiguously excluded coverage for insured's negligent disbursement of funds being held in her trust account while acting as escrow agent in real estate transaction.
STAHL v. HIALEAH HOSPITAL, 160 So.3d 519, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D718a (Fla. 1DCA 2015). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-725 (Stahl v. Hialeah Hospital). Order dated October 13, 2015. Oral argument set by separate order. Workers' compensation--Medical benefits--No merit to claimant's assertion that 1994 addition of $10 copay for medical visits after claimant attains maximum medical improvement and 2003 elimination of permanent partial disability benefits make Workers' Compensation Law an inadequate exclusive replacement remedy for a tort action--Copay furthers legitimate stated purpose of ensuring reasonable medical costs after injured worker has reached MMI, and PPD benefits were supplanted by impairment income benefits.
STATE v. D.A., 939 So.2d 149 (Fla. 5DCA 2006). Supreme Court Case No. SC06-2100 (State v. D.A.). Order dated February 12, 2008. No oral argument. Criminal law -- Juveniles -- Lewd and lascivious molestation -- Speedy trial -- Amendment of charging document during speedy trial recapture period -- Trial judge correctly applied binding precedent when it dismissed petition pursuant to juvenile speedy trial rule because state amended petition during recapture period to change erroneous citation to statute which applies to a defendant 18 years of age or older to citation to statute which applies to a defendant under age 18 -- Court is compelled by supreme court's decision in Glover v. State to conclude that age of defendant is element of crime of lewd or lascivious molestation -- Trial court correctly concluded that amended delinquency petition charged a new crime -- Conflict certified -- Questions certified: In light of the ruling in Glover v. State, 863 So. 2d 236 (Fla. 2003), is the age of the offender an element of the offense of lewd or lascivious offenses under section 800.04, Florida Statutes? -- If so, does Williams v. State, 791 So. 2d 1088 (Fla. 2001), require dismissal of an amended delinquency petition, filed after expiration of the speedy trial period, which changed the age of the offender?
STATE, DEPARTMENT OF FINANCIAL SERVICES v. BARNETT, __ So.3d __, 44 Fla. L. Weekly D221a (Fla. 4DCA 2019). Supreme Court Case No. SC19-87 (Barnett v. State, Department of Financial Services). Order dated March 12, 2019. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Torts--Negligence--Sovereign immunity--Section 768.28(5) limits sovereign immunity waiver to $200,000 when there are multiple claims arising out of the same negligent act committed by state agency--Question certified: When multiple claims of injury or death arise from the same act of negligence committed by a state agency or actor, does the limitation on the waiver of sovereign immunity in section 768.28(5), Florida Statutes, cap the liability of state agencies at $200,000 for all resulting injuries or deaths, as claims and judgments "arising out of the same incident or occurrence"?
STATE v. PERRY, __ So.3d __, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D714c (Fla. 5DCA 2016). Supreme Court Case No. SC16-547 (Perry v. State). Order dated April 6, 2016. Oral argument set for June 7, 2016. Criminal law--First degree murder--U.S. Supreme Court decision in Hurst v. Florida, which held that certain aspects of Florida's capital sentencing scheme are unconstitutional, struck down Florida's procedure for imposing death penalty, not the death penalty itself--Trial courts erred in striking state's notices of intent to seek death penalty in two different cases on ground that Florida no longer had death penalty statute or statutory authority under which state could seek death penalty--Ex post facto laws--New capital sentencing legislation enacted in response to Hurst applies to pending prosecutions--Legislative acts effecting changes in criminal procedure, including procedural changes that disadvantage a defendant, generally do not violate ex post facto clause, and the new sentencing statute altered process used to determine whether death penalty will be imposed, but made no change to punishment attached to first-degree murder--Questions certified: 1) Did Hurst v. Florida declare Florida's death penalty unconstitutional? 2) If not, does chapter 2016-13, Laws of Florida, apply to pending prosecutions for capital offenses that occurred prior to its effective date?
STATE v. SHINE, __ So.3d __, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D224b (Fla. 3DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-688 (Shine v. State). Order dated July 16, 2018. No oral argument. Criminal law--Probation revocation--Sentencing--Guidelines--Downward departure--Statement that defendant has been granted a previous downward departure based on a valid uncoerced plea agreement, and that it would be inappropriate, too harsh and contrary to the principles of graduated sanctions to impose lowest permissible sentence, absent a downward departure, was not a valid basis for imposition of downward departure sentence.
STATE v. YEE, 177 So.3d 72, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D2332a (Fla. 3DCA 2015). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-1925 (Yee v. State). Order dated March 16, 2016. Oral argument set by separate order. Criminal law--Search and seizure--Residence--Warrantless search--Exigent circumstances--Trial court improperly granted defendant's motion to suppress physical evidence found in home he was renting where, given broken window that neighbors told officer had not been broken the night before and nonresponse to officer's call to anyone who might be inside, the possibility of an ongoing or recent burglary created an exigency making the warrantless entry into the home reasonable.
STOFFEL v. STATE, 247 So.3d 89, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D1099f (Fla. 1DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-956 (Stoffel v. State). Order dated December 19, 2018. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Lewd or lascivious molestation of child under age twelve--Jury instructions--Trial court did not err by denying request for instruction on permissive lesser-included offense of battery where charging document did not allege that defendant's touching of stepdaughter's breasts was against stepdaughter's will.
WALTON v. STATE, 106 So.3d 522, 38 Fla. L. Weekly D333a (Fla. 1DCA 2013). Supreme Court Case No. SC13-1652 (Walton v. State). Order dated April 3, 2014. Oral argument set by separate order. Criminal law--Sentencing--Mandatory minimum--Consecutive sentences--Trial court may properly impose consecutive mandatory minimum sentences under 10-20-Life statute where defendant discharges a firearm during single episode involving multiple victims, and also where there are multiple victims in a single episode and defendant does not discharge a firearm--Trial court did not err in imposing consecutive mandatory minimum sentences on two counts of attempted armed robbery with possession of a firearm where the offenses were committed on two different victims in a single episode--Conflict certified--Trial court erred in resentencing defendant in his absence--Defense counsel's consent did not serve to waive defendant's right to be present at resentencing.
WEAVER v. MYERS, 170 So.3d 873, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D1676f (Fla. 1DCA 2015). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-1538 (Weaver v. Myers). Order dated April 13, 2016. Oral argument set by separate order. Wrongful death--Medical malpractice--Presuit requirements--Statutory amendments which allow for presuit ex parte interviews between potential defendants and potential claimants' treating health care providers, and require potential claimants to sign a written waiver of federal privacy protection concerning relevant medical information prior to instigating a medical malpractice lawsuit, are constitutional and are not preempted by Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act--Amendments do not violate separation of powers doctrine by intruding upon Florida Supreme Court's procedural rule-making power--Amendments do not constitute a special law--Amendments do not burden right of access to courts--Amendments do not violate right to privacy.
WEBER v. MARINO PARKING SYSTEMS, INC., 100 So.3d 729, 37 Fla. L. Weekly D2576a (Fla. 2DCA 2012). Supreme Court Case No. SC12-2507 (Weber v. Marino Parking Systems, Inc.). Order dated April 23, 2013. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Wrongful death--Negligence--Valet service--Action against valet parking service by estate of decedent who was killed in automobile accident while riding in vehicle being driven by vehicle owner to whom valet service had returned car keys while owner was obviously intoxicated--Trial court properly dismissed action on ground that valet parking service owes no duty to third parties to refrain from returning car keys to an obviously intoxicated customer--A valet service, a bailee, cannot be liable for negligently entrusting a car to its rightful owner.
WEEKS v. STATE, 146 So.3d 81, 39 Fla. L. Weekly D1798a (Fla. 1DCA 2014). Supreme Court Case No. SC14-1856 (State v. Weeks). Order dated December 15, 2014. No oral argument. Criminal law--Possession of firearm by convicted felon--Replica of antique firearm--Section 790.23, Florida Statutes, is unconstitutional with respect to the possession of a replica of an antique firearm by a convicted felon--Statute is unconstitutionally vague as to antique replica firearms because the phrases "firearm" and "antique firearm" defined in chapter 790 do not give adequate notice of what constitutes a permissible replica of an antique firearm which may be lawfully carried by a convicted felon--Conflict certified.
WHEATON v. WHEATON, 217 So.3d 125, 42 Fla. L. Weekly D411b (Fla. 3DCA 2017). Supreme Court Case No. SC17-716 (Wheaton v. Wheaton). Order dated October 24, 2017. No oral argument. Rules of Judicial Administration--Proposal for settlement--Service by e-mail--Attorney's fees--Trial court properly denied motion for attorney's fees pursuant to proposal for settlement because the service failed to comply with Rule of Judicial Administration 2.516, which sets forth requirements for service by e-mail--No merit to claim that proposals for settlement, which are prohibited from being filed with the court contemporaneously with service, fall outside the scope of rule 2.516--A proposal for settlement falls clearly within the scope of rule 2.516(b) and is subject to the rule's requirements.
WIGGINS v. STATE, 253 So.3d 1196, 43 Fla. L. Weekly D1903a (Fla. 1DCA 2018). Supreme Court Case No. SC18-1766 (Wiggins v. State). Order dated February 1, 2019. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law--Firearm constitutes a "concealed weapon" as defined by section 790.001(3)(a)--However, possession of concealed weapon by convicted felon is nonexistent crime under section 790.23(1), which makes it unlawful for a convicted felon to "carry" a concealed weapon--Repeated mislabeling of offense as "possession of a concealed weapon by a convicted felon" and inclusion in the jury instructions of the definitions of "possess" and "actual possession" made it possible for jury to convict defendant of broader and nonexistent offense, thus making erroneous instructions fundamental error--Remand for new trial on crime of carrying a concealed weapon by a convicted felon.
WILLIAMS v. STATE, 167 So.3d 483, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D1337a (Fla. 5DCA 2015). Supreme Court Case No. SC15-1417 (Williams v. State). Order dated December 30, 2015. Oral argument set by separate order. Criminal law--Refusal to submit to breath alcohol test--Search and seizure--It is not unconstitutional to punish a person criminally for refusing to submit to a breath alcohol test when the officer conducting the test does not have a warrant--Although warrantless search of defendant in the form of a breath alcohol test following arrest for driving under the influence does not fall under exceptions to warrant requirement as a consent to search under statutory implied consent law or as a search incident to arrest, such a warrantless search satisfies general reasonableness requirement of Fourth Amendment.
WILLIAMS v. STATE, 189 So.3d 288, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D898d (Fla. 1DCA 2016). Supreme Court Case No. SC16-785 (Williams v. State). Order dated August 23, 2016. No oral argument. Criminal law--Sentencing--Correction--Trial court did not err in denying claim that sentence of life imprisonment as a dangerous sexual offender for a second-degree felony punishable by up to fifteen years' imprisonment was an illegal sentence--A minimum mandatory life sentence is authorized by section 794.0115 regardless of the statutory maximum of the crime--Conflict certified.
WILLIAMS v. STATE, 184 So.3d 1205, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D189a (Fla. 1DCA 2016). Supreme Court Case No. SC16-451 (Williams v. State). Order dated November 21, 2016. No oral argument. Criminal law--Search and seizure--Package sent via U.S. Postal Service--Search of package received by third party where the addressee was an alias used by third party, who had agreed to turn the package over to defendant after receipt--Evidence did not support finding that law enforcement impermissibly relied on third party's consent to search the package because law enforcement knew that third party was not the person to whom the package was addressed--Standing to challenge search--Expectation of privacy--Defendant had no standing to challenge search of package where defendant was not listed as the sender or addressee, package was not addressed to defendant under his fictitious name, and defendant had no expectation of privacy in the location where the package was delivered--Error to suppress marijuana discovered in search of package.
WILLIAMS v. STATE, __ So.3d __, 42 Fla. L. Weekly D363b (Fla. 5DCA 2017). Supreme Court Case No. SC17-506 (Williams v. State). Order dated April 4, 2017. Oral argument to be set by separate order. Criminal law -- Murder committed by juvenile -- Sentencing -- Sentence review after appellate court had reversed sentence of life imprisonment -- Where appellate court, on remand, had instructed trial court to make written finding as to whether defendant killed, intended to kill, or attempted to kill the victim, because the jury did not find that defendant actually possessed and discharged a firearm during the crime, trial court did not err in denying defendant's motion to empanel a jury to make a factual finding as to whether defendant actually killed, intended to kill, or attempted to kill the victim -- Question certified: Does Alleyne v. United States, 133 S.Ct. 2151 (2013), require the jury and not the trial court to make the factual finding under section 775.082(1)(b), Florida Statutes (2016), as to whether a juvenile offender actually killed, intended to kill, or attempted to kill the victim?
WILLIAMS v. STATE, 203 So.3d 1020, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D2495b (Fla. 2DCA 2016). Supreme Court Case No. SC16-2170 (Williams v. State). Order dated May 3, 2017. No oral argument. Criminal law--Sentencing--Sentence of thirty-five years' imprisonment for murder committed when defendant was a juvenile is not unconstitutional--Sentence of twenty-five years with a twenty-five-year mandatory minimum for nonhomicide committed when defendant was a juvenile is not a de facto life sentence, and is not unconstitutional.
WRIGHT v. CITY OF MIAMI GARDENS, __ So.3d __, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D1907a (Fla. 3DCA 2016). Supreme Court Case No. SC16-1518 (Wright v. City of Miami Gardens). Order dated August 26, 2016. No oral argument. Elections--Qualification of candidate--Where the check for qualification fee of potential candidate for mayor was returned by bank after expiration of qualifying period through no fault of potential candidate, potential candidate was disqualified as a candidate--Trial court properly denied potential candidate's motion for injunctive and mandamus relief to require placement of his name on list of qualified candidates--Question certified: Does section 99.061(7)(a)1. require a candidate's disqualification when the candidate's qualifying fee check is returned by the bank after the expiration of the qualifying period due to a banking error over which the candidate has no control?